Linwood location map
Linwood lies 3km to the west of Paisley on the Black Cart Water.
When Britain was part of the Roman empire, it is said that the Roman soldiers cut down the forest at Linwood to prevent the natives hiding in the trees and attacking Roman camps. The treeless area became Linwood Moss, which today is a haven for wildlife. The Linwood area belonged to the monks of Paisley Abbey, who farmed the land and caught salmon in the Black Cart; later the land was owned by the Abercorn family. For a long time Linwood village was a very small community. Until the early 20th century, there were only two streets: Bridge Street and Napier Street. In this small area were the church, the shops, the school and the mills. Bridge Street took its name from the bridge across the Black Cart which was built by the Cochrane family of Clippens House, in 1776. Napier Street was named after a local landowner.
Villages of Inkerman and Balaclava
For a time a brickworks operated in Inkerman, making bricks from blaes, a waste product from the mining process. By the 1930s the blaes was used up, and the people of Inkerman gradually moved away. Inkerman and Balaclava no longer appear on maps.
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Houses of Linwood
Clippens House "Clippens" was formerly "Clippings" and is thought to get its name from the time when the monks of Paisley Abbey allowed the local people to cut or "clip" the fields. The Cochrane family owned Clippens from the 16th century and built the present Clippens House in 1817. Clippens House has now been converted into flats.
Burnbrae House once stood on south bank of the Black Cart on a site later occupied by a car factory car park on the outskirts of Linwood. It was built in the early 19th century by the Speirs family. In this photograph the Head Gardener can be seen on the far left with the butler and maids in the centre.
Linwood House in Napier Street was originally built for the owners of the Linwood Cotton Mill. It was demolished in the 1970s.
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In 1872 the Watson brothers took over the mill buildings and changed production from cotton to paper. The paper mill thrived for nearly one hundred years.
Other Linwood enterprises included the Reid Gear
Company founded in 1897, Dent & Co & Johnson who made scientific instruments, and the Pressed Steel Company which opened in 1948 making farm machinery, railway wagons and car bodies.
In 1975 the government stepped in with financial aid in a bid to prevent job losses, and a new car - the Chrysler Sunbeam - was launched. The company's troubles continued. In 1979 the French car firm Peugeot-Citroen took over, and renamed the company Talbot, but still the company lost money. In May 1981 the car plant closed, making thousands of people unemployed. This was a severe blow to the economy of Linwood and the surrounding area.
The area covered by the sprawling car plant now houses the Phoenix retail, leisure and business park which includes shops, restaurants, a cinema and office accommodation.
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Find out more
You can find out more about the history of Linwood by visiting:
Local Studies Library
68 High Street
phone: 0141 889 2360
fax: 0141 887 6468
Linwood Community Library
phone: 01505 325283
fax: 01505 336150
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